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Level 2 drought warning! Severe drought in coffee producing areas may push up coffee bean prices further

Published: 2024-05-20 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/05/20, Recently, in the international coffee market, the prices of both Arabica coffee and Robusta coffee have been rising. The reason is that Vietnam, the world's second largest coffee producer, has suffered severe drought effects, resulting in the country's Robusta coffee production. The reduction in global coffee stocks has also led to a decrease in global coffee stocks. Recently, according to Vietnam's National Water

Recently, the prices of both Arabica coffee and Robusta coffee have been rising in the international coffee market, due to the severe drought in Vietnam, the second largest coffee producer in the world, which has led to a decrease in the production of Robusta coffee in that country. it has also led to a reduction in global coffee stocks.

Recently, according to a report by Vietnam's National Hydrometeorological Forecast Center, a second-level drought warning has been issued to five provinces in Vietnam, including Quang Ji, Quang Yi, Binh Jun, Fu'an and Calais, and warned of possible natural disasters in these provinces.

In addition, over the past period of time, the total rainfall (TLM) in the central and central highlands of Vietnam is on the low side. The rainfall in the central region is 10-20 mm lower than the average rainfall in the same period of many years, and the rainfall in the central highland is 30-70 mm lower than the average rainfall in the same period of many years.

Apart from the reduction in rainfall, the water level of the rivers in the central region has changed slowly, with the water level of some rivers falling to an all-time low. For example, the water level of the S ô ng Vu Gia River in Guangdong Province is only 1.41m, an all-time low. The water level of the S ô ng Autumn Basin River, also in Guangdong Province, recorded 0.47m, with a low and lowest water level of 0.09m.

In addition, the water level of the Mekong River, the longest river in Southeast Asia, has fallen seriously, breaking the lowest record since 1926, resulting in serious drought and land salinization in Vietnam.

The decline of water level, drought and salinization of land have led to a crisis in agricultural cultivation such as coffee in Vietnam. Originally in April, it was the flowering season for Vietnamese coffee, but the coffee plants withered and the leaves turned yellow due to severe drought and high temperatures.

Moreover, as rainfall in many areas is still low and irregular, it is still in a state of drought, and many lakes and streams have dried up, so there is a lack of water for irrigation. Coffee production in some areas could be damaged by as much as 30% and 50%, according to data released by the Vietnam Coffee and Cocoa Association. It is predicted that coffee production may be 20% lower than the previous year's 1.84 million tons, while exports will also be down 20% from 1.67 million tons in the same period last year.

This has caused local coffee prices in Vietnam to soar, with local purchase prices reaching 120 million dong (about 34000 yuan) per ton, with prices rising by as much as 250% in the past year. The crazy rise in coffee prices has made local coffee traders face the crisis of bankruptcy. The industry believes that the continuation of such high prices will be a great challenge to the traders' capital chain, especially for some small and medium-sized traders.

In addition, such high prices put local traders in a dilemma, because if the sale price does not rise, they will face losses, but if the price rises too high, they may lose customers and reduce sales.

In the face of the current drought, the Weather Forecast Center predicts that it will improve by the end of April, but the rainfall is still not enough to alleviate the current predicament. In addition, due to the high probability of the return of La Nina weather in the second half of the year, there may be heavy rainfall or flooding, so preventive measures need to be taken to avoid further effects.

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