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Does it take 30 seconds to steam hand-brewed coffee? How is the carbon dioxide content of coffee affected?

Published: 2024-07-21 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/07/21, There are many ways to brew hand-brewed coffee, but it can be said that most brewing processes are mainly divided into two steps: steaming and extraction. Although it is also the act of using hot water to extract coffee powder, for manual flushing, the steaming step is more like a preparatory step. Use a small amount of hot water to moisten the coffee powder to

There are many ways to brew coffee by hand, but it can be said that most of the brewing process is mainly divided into two steps: steaming and extraction.

Although it is also the act of using hot water to extract coffee powder, steaming is more like a preparatory step for hand flushing. By wetting the coffee powder with a small amount of hot water, carbon dioxide is released from the coffee powder, and capillarity is used to "connect" the coffee powder to the coffee powder, so that the subsequent injection of hot water can not only have a more efficient extraction, but also distribute more evenly. So we can know that the steaming step is very important for the production of hand-brewed coffee. But "since ancient times", most coffee people are used to steaming for a traditional time: 30 seconds. As everyone knows, not all coffee beans need to be steamed for 30 seconds. Of course, Qianjie is not saying that this time is wrong, but if we want to make more delicious hand-brewed coffee, we can't be limited to a fixed formula. Beans will change according to their own state, and have different requirements for steaming time, only with the right time, we can make better hand-made coffee! Therefore, in order to make better hand-made coffee, we need to do "perfect steaming" first! And the first step to perfect steaming is to know how to determine the end time of steaming!

How to determine the end time of steaming? After all, the main function of steaming is to remove carbon dioxide from coffee beans and reduce the impact on the extraction of subsequent hot water. So we need to make a decision according to the "gas content" of the coffee bean itself. When the coffee beans contain more carbon dioxide, we need to prolong the steaming time appropriately to make the coffee beans emit more gas. Generally speaking, on the basis of the steaming time of 30 seconds, it can be increased by about 5 seconds and 10 seconds. There are two main types of coffee beans that need to prolong the steaming time: freshly roasted coffee beans during the breeding period, because they are too fresh, they do not have enough time to discharge the carbon dioxide "filled" in the baking process, so when cooking, we need to prolong the steaming time appropriately.

The second is the high-density coffee beans (shallow roasting), because the expansion rate of the coffee beans is not high, so there are not many gaps for carbon dioxide flow, which means that the exhaust speed will be slowed down. Therefore, although their carbon dioxide content is not high, it takes longer to discharge the carbon dioxide that affects the extraction, whether it is the bean cultivation time or the steaming time, which needs to be relatively prolonged. When there is not so much carbon dioxide in coffee beans, we do not need to waste too much time on steaming, so at this time we can appropriately reduce the steaming time and shorten the extraction time (5-10 seconds). They are:

Beans that are too long away from baking have plenty of exhaust time when they are placed, so there is little carbon dioxide left in the body during cooking, so it does not need too long of steaming to exhaust. The second is the deep-roasted coffee beans, although they have experienced a longer baking process resulting in more carbon dioxide, but because their expansion rate will be higher, so they will be more "sensitive". As soon as it comes into contact with hot water, carbon dioxide will pop out in one breath, and after the bean cultivation period, it does not need too much steaming time to exhaust!

But sometimes, the information can not be seen before cooking! Therefore, we still have to determine the time according to the state of the powder layer during steaming. So, the first thing to do is to moisten the coffee powder bed evenly, which is also the second point of perfect steaming! If the coffee powder bed can not be evenly moistened, then steaming this step also misses its main significance. So how do you wet all the coffee powder evenly with a small amount of hot water? It is very simple to distribute hot water according to the distribution of coffee powder. If you are using a tapered filter cup, you can focus on the center injection of a small amount of hot water for steaming, for example: in the form of a circle, extend the injection from the middle to the outer ring with minimal water flow, but stay in the center for more time / inject more water!

Or you can draw a circle from the outside to the inside, anyway, the main center of gravity of water injection, it is best to focus on the center of coffee powder accumulation! The trapezoidal filter cup is the same, but if it is a cake / flat bottom filter cup, then we just need to keep the powder bed flat and inject water evenly in the form of a circle. When the water moistens the powder bed evenly, we will observe the exhaust state of the powder bed! There are two places to observe, one is the wettability of the powder bed, and the other is the exhalation frequency of the powder bed. If we see that the powder bed has dried up and no fresh bubbles appear before the steaming time reaches 30 seconds, then it means that there is not much carbon dioxide left in this coffee bean, so we no longer need to continue steaming, so we can start the next stage of water injection.

And if after 30 seconds, the powder bed is still wet and bubbles continue to emerge, then it means that there is still a lot of carbon dioxide in the coffee powder. At this time, we can appropriately increase the time of steaming. Let the powder bed discharge more "obstacles" ~ so, we can know that as long as the steaming time adapts to the current state of beans, then we can make the subsequent extraction more extreme. It is not too much to say that it is perfect and steamy.