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What kind of yellow bourbon is arabica? What does it have to do with a red bourbon pickup?

Published: 2024-04-19 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/04/19, As we all know, coffee beans are the core of coffee fruit! After the coffee fruit ripens, the farmers pick it and remove the beans for post-processing. Most mature coffee fruits are distinguished by their gorgeous red appearance! They also earned a delicious nickname-"coffee cherries."

As we all know, coffee beans are the core of coffee fruit! After the coffee fruit is ripe, the farmers will pick it and take out the coffee beans for post-processing. And most mature coffee fruits are characterized by their gorgeous red appearance! As a result, they got a delicious nickname-"Coffee Cherry".

Yes, "red" is the characteristic of most coffee fruit ripening! The remaining few have completely different colors, and the protagonist of our article is one of the coffee fruits with different colors, "Yellow bourbon" ~

Yellow Bourbon has been growing coffee in Brazil since the 18th century, when the main variety of coffee was iron pickup. In the middle of the 19th century, leaf rust swept the world, and the coffee industry in Brazil was naturally harmed. Because of the singleness of the Brazilian iron pickup gene at that time, almost all of them were wiped out after the attack of leaf rust. As a result, Brazil decided to introduce round bourbon, which is grown on the island of Bourbon, which has stronger disease resistance in order to reduce the damage caused by leaf rust. As Brazil has more than 100 years of coffee growing experience, bourbon cultivation is also like a fish in water, it quickly spread in Brazil.

One day in 1930, a bourbon plant with special fruit was found in a bourbon plantation in Pednellas. Unlike other bourbon, its appearance changes from green to red after maturity, but is dressed in bright yellow! Moreover, its mature time is faster than that of conventional bourbon species. With these two abrupt phenomena, it became a "conspicuous bag" in the plantation at that time: when everyone else was still green, it turned yellow! Needless to think, with a bright appearance, it was immediately discovered by people! And was named: yellow bourbon "Yellow Bourbon", the scientific name is "Bourbon Amarello" (the yellow variety of Arabica species, will be given the scientific name Amarello).

In 1942, the Brazilian Agricultural Research Institute began a formal study of Huang Bourbon. The results show that it is a natural cross between bourbon and yellow Botukatu. And yellow Botukatu is a mutant variety of iron pickup, which also has a yellow appearance! Since there was no record of it when it was discovered in 1871, it was named Yellow Botukatu! Yellow bourbon is not only special in color, but also outstanding in taste! For two years in a row, it won the top three in the Outstanding Cup Competition in Brazil. In the words of teacher Han Huaizong, it said: "become the Deep-Fried Chicken of the boutique coffee industry in one fell swoop!" Indeed, in the next few years, Huang bourbon achieved good results in all major competitions and once became synonymous with fine coffee in Brazil.

(no prize contest: which bean is this in the Qianjie bean list?) but you know, the yield of yellow bourbon is much lower than that of conventional bourbon species. Moreover, the body is delicate, not only can not withstand the wind and rain, but also can not bear the heavy blow of leaf rust, so its planting difficulty is often much higher than the conventional bourbon species! That's why today it produces less than 1% of its output in Brazil. That's right! Suddenly thought of a funny thing, due to the vigorous development of late coffee, there are more and more different color bourbon species in the world, in order to distinguish the regular bourbon in red coat from them, so, the regular bourbon has a nickname "red bourbon"!


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