Introduction of Colombian Coffee Bean and Honduran Coffee Bean Pacas
Now, with the development of the coffee industry, coffee varieties have been bred through continuous transplantation, mutation and mating. In addition to some common varieties, Bourbon, Typica, Kaddura, Catimor and so on. But now coffee research institutes in many countries and large companies will develop some rare varieties.
When it comes to some popular varieties, in addition to Rosa, there is also a popular sidra in recent years. Hizao, like the improved Typica Mejorado, originally came from the Ecuadorian province of Pichincha, where there was once a breeding center for Nestle coffee, which was pending the development of breeding hybrids between Ethiopian native species and other varieties such as bourbon. But the center has been closed, but Hope claw should be one of Nestl é's "unreleased" varieties. According to some reports, Hijaw said it was born through a cross between iron pickup and bourbon, but later carried out genetic tests through research institutions and found that the variety was genetically similar to the Ethiopian native species.
Although it is genetically related to Ethiopian native species, Hijaw is more suitable for cultivation in South America, mainly in Ecuador and Colombia, between 1650 and 1800 meters above sea level. The claw has a high yield and is resistant to pests and leaf rust, but it is extremely susceptible to coffee berry disease. The hope claw variety will become popular at the World Coffee Competition (WBC), where both players used coffee beans in 2019 and 2022 and won the championship that year, making it famous. At present, Qianjie has coffee beans from Finca El Diviso, a famous Colombian producing area, Huilan. This claw is treated with double anaerobic solarization. After cooking with the ratio of gouache powder in V60, passion fruit, citrus and other flavors, it is slightly fermented and round.
There are also Pacas beans, Pacas like Kaddura in Brazil or Villa Sarchi in Costa Rica, which are natural mutants of bourbon. The plant becomes smaller because of a single gene mutation, but this has also become an advantage of this variety. Because of its small size, it can be planted closely with other plants. The Pacas variety was first discovered in 1949 on a farm owned by the Pacas family in the Santa Ana region of El Salvador (hence the name Pacas). In 1960, the Salvadoran Coffee Institute (ISIC) began a pedigree selection program for Pacas (selecting a single plant through several generations). At present, the variety is still widely cultivated in El Salvador, accounting for 25% of the country's coffee production. Later, it was introduced to Honduras by the Honduran Coffee Institute (IHCAFE) in 1974, mainly in the Montesirius (Montecillos) region of Honduras.
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