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Introduction to the Coffee planting History of Papua New Guinea, Coffee producing areas and Paradise Bird of Sigri Manor

Published: 2024-02-29 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/02/29, Papua New Guinea is the largest island country in the South Pacific and the second largest island in the world. The country is a typical island climate, year-round high temperature and humidity, tropical rain forests, volcanic rocks and plateau topography, between 1200 and 2500 meters above sea level, it can be said to be an ideal place for growing coffee. The history of planting in the 19th century

Papua New Guinea is the largest island country in the South Pacific and the second largest island in the world. The country is a typical island climate, year-round high temperature and humidity, tropical rain forests, volcanic rocks and plateau topography, between 1200 and 2500 meters above sea level, it can be said to be an ideal place for growing coffee.

Planting history

Coffee was grown in the 1890s, but it was not initially considered a commercial product. By 1926, 18 estates had been established in the country, and a variety of Typica coffee with iron pickup had been introduced from Jamaica, increasing the commercial coffee industry, so Papua New Guinea was also known as the "Little Blue Mountain".

In the 79's of the 20th century, the government offered a series of programs to encourage small farms to become co-operative. However, after experiencing the fall in coffee prices, many estates fell into financial crisis, but because Papua was mostly grown by small farmers, it was able to continue to produce coffee due to small market fluctuations. Until now, 95% of the country's producers are small farmers, and 95% of the crops are Arabica varieties.

Coffee producing area

Currently, Papua New Guinea coffee is grown in five highland provinces, namely, the West Highlands (Western Highlands), the East Highlands (Eastern Highlands), Chimbu (Chimbu), Morebe (Morobe) and East Sepique (East Sepik). Among them, the major provinces that produce iron trucks in the eastern and western highlands will also plant a small amount of Katim and bourbon quality, while the coffee beans grown in other areas are of poor quality, and most of them are Robusta varieties.

The Western Highlands Province is the most important and largest coffee-producing province in Papua New Guinea, with an elevation of 1000-1800 meters. There is an ancient dormant volcano, and the fertile land makes the coffee grown here stand out. The famous Sigri Manor comes from this area. Qianjie Coffee also has Sigley Manor Paradise Bird Coffee beans.

Siguri Manor

The bird of paradise, also known as the bird of paradise, is unique to Papua New Guinea, symbolizing freedom and happiness. The raw bean sack of Siguri Manor is also printed with "Bird of Paradise", so the coffee bean is called the Bird of Paradise in China.

Siguri Manor, founded in 1950, is a pioneer in the local coffee industry. The estate is located in the Wagi Valley in the Western Highlands Province. It is located in a high altitude mountain area of 1500 meters. It is rich in mineral volcanic soil, cool climate and abundant rainfall. At the same time, Siegley Manor has adhered to a high standard of planting and treatment system for many years, and attaches great importance to ecological protection, rejecting the use of pesticides and pesticides in order to protect soil and water sources. And the requirements for raw coffee beans are also very strict, picking ripe red fruits by hand and processing them on the day of harvest, so the coffee produced by Siguri Manor is famous all over the world. Qianjie Coffee also has Sigley Manor Paradise Bird Coffee beans. This coffee bean is washed and boiled in a kono filter cup. After cooking at 1:15, there will be caramel, cocoa and almond flavor in the mouth. When the temperature drops slightly, there will be citrus acidity and overall balance.

Qianjie Coffee Siguri Manor Paradise Bird Coffee Bean producing area: Western Highland producing area Manor: Sigri Manor Sigir Estate altitude: 1500 meters + Variety: iron pickup Typica treatment: washing flavor: caramel, cocoa, almonds, balanced, low temperature citrus acid

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