Coffee review

Papua New Guinea| Introduction to coffee varieties in coffee producing areas, bird of paradise coffee beans

Published: 2024-05-20 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/05/20, Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea is called the Independent State of Papua New Guinea. The country is located in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean and is a country

Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea, whose full name is the Independent State of Papua New Guinea (he Independent State of Papua New Guinea), is an island country in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean, bordering Indonesia to the west and Australia across the Torres Strait to the south.

The flag of Papua New Guinea is rectangular and divides the flag into two equal triangles from the diagonal of the upper left corner. The upper right is red, with a yellow bird of paradise spreading its wings. Red symbolizes bravery and bravery. The bird of paradise is also known as the bird of paradise, a unique national bird of Papua New Guinea, symbolizing national, national independence and freedom and happiness. On the lower left is black, with four white five-pointed stars of the same size, and a smaller white five-pointed star, black representing the country's territory in the "black archipelago." The arrangement of the five stars symbolizes the Southern Cross, and the country is on the surface of the southern hemisphere.

Papua New Guinea covers an area of 462800 square kilometers and has more than 600 islands, each of which is mountainous and has many volcanoes. The southern part of the country is composed of plains and lowlands, the central part is the central mountain system, and the northern mountain is parallel to the mountain system, consisting of several separate mountains.

Except for the mountain climate above 1000 m above sea level, Papua New Guinea has a tropical rain forest climate in other lower elevations, with a dry season from May to October and a rainy season from November to April, with an average coastal temperature of 21-32 ℃, mountains 5-6 ℃ lower than coastal areas, and an average annual rainfall of 2500 mm. The country is close to the equator, with a suitable climate, sufficient rainfall and volcanic soil, which can be said to be a natural treasure for coffee cultivation.

Coffee producing area

At present, coffee cultivation in Papua New Guinea is divided into four producing areas, namely, the West Heights (Western Highlands), the East Highlands (Eastern Highlands), Chinbu (Chimbu) and Jiwaka (Jiwaka). The eastern highlands and western highlands are major provinces producing Typica, and a small number of Catimor and Bourbon varieties are planted.

West Highlands Province (Western Highlands): densely populated, coffee is the mainstay of the economy and is the largest coffee producing area in the country, which is located inland and coffee is grown at 1000-1800 meters above sea level, of which the famous Sigri estate is from the Wahgi Valley on Mount Hagen.

Eastern Highlands Province (Eastern Highlands): the Eastern Highlands Province is the second largest coffee producing area in Papua New Guinea, located in the middle of the country, run through the Bishop Mountains and planted at 400-1900m above sea level. There are many small coffee farmers in the northern valleys of the eastern highlands province, which will be handed over to the processing plant after harvest during the harvest season.

Chimbu: it is a mountainous inland province. Coffee production accounts for only 7.47% of Papua New Guinea coffee. Chimbu coffee is famous for its dark chocolate, red apple and drupe flavors.

Jiwaka: located in the central highlands of Papua New Guinea. The Wagi River runs through the main valley of Givaka, flanked by steep volcanic mountains and ridges. Guihuaca is the third largest coffee growing area in Papua New Guinea, accounting for 12% of the country's harvest. Plant 1400-2000 meters above sea level.

Iron pickup Typica

Both Typica and Bourbon are among the oldest coffee varieties in existence and originated in southwestern Ethiopia. On the other hand, on the Tieka coffee plant, the leaves are ridged and pointed at the end, the leaves are green and bronze, the distance between the fruit nodes is long, the fruit is mainly red, the coffee bean shape is long, and the whole plant is taller. It is more suitable for planting at high altitude, which is of good quality, but with low yield, and is easy to suffer from leaf rust, nematode and berry disease. at present, tin card is planted in Peru, Papua New Guinea, Jamaica and other countries. Papua New Guinea is called the "Little Blue Mountain" because it has the same island climate, high altitude and volcanic soil as Jamaica.

Qianjie Coffee Papua New Guinea Siguri Manor Paradise Bird Coffee Bean producing area: Western Highland Manor: Sigri Manor Sigir Estate altitude: 1500 meters + Variety: iron pickup Typica treatment: washing flavor: caramel, cocoa, almonds, balanced, low temperature citrus acid

This bird of paradise beans from Qianjie Coffee are washed and roasted in medium depth. The front street uses a KONO filter cup, 1:15 ratio, 89 ℃ to cook, the entrance will have caramel, cocoa and almond flavor, mellow and silky taste, at low temperature there will be citrus acidity, the overall soft balance.