Coffee review

Introduction to the flavors of Peruvian coffee producing areas in South America

Published: 2024-05-20 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/05/20, In South America, the soil and growing conditions are very suitable for growing coffee, so there are many coffee-producing countries, such as Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru and other countries. Among them, Peru is relatively low-key, but because of its beautiful mountains and rivers, it can also produce high-quality coffee beans. Peru is full of Peru

In South America, the soil and growing conditions are very suitable for growing coffee, so there are many coffee producing countries, such as Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru and so on. Among them, Peru is relatively low-key, but because of good mountains and good water, it can also produce good quality coffee beans.

Peru Peru

Peru, known as the Republic of Peru (Peru), is a country in western South America, bordered by Ecuador and Colombia in the north, Brazil and Bolivia in the east, Chile in the south and the Pacific Ocean in the west. The total area of the country is 1.285 million square kilometers, and the country is divided into 24 regions and 1 directly affiliated region.

The Peruvian national flag is rectangular, consisting of three parallel and equal vertical rectangles, with white in the middle, symbolizing freedom, democracy, peace and happiness, and red on both sides, symbolizing the victory of the people in the war of independence and the nostalgia of the people for the martyrs.

In the white rectangle in the middle of the national flag is the national emblem, the center of the national emblem is the shield emblem, on the upper left is the national beast, South American llama, representing the national animal resources, a cinchona tree on the upper right side of the mountain, representing plant resources, and the lower part is a sheep's horn, representing the country's natural resources and mineral resources.

The Andes Mountains run through the north and south of the country, and the mountains account for 1x3 of the country's area. The whole territory is divided into three regions from west to east. The western coastal area is an arid plain and also a tropical desert area, but irrigated agriculture is well developed. the central mountain plateau is mainly the middle part of the Andes, and the central and southern part is volcanic, with an average elevation of about 4300 meters. It is also the birthplace of the Amazon River, and the east is the Amazon rainforest region.

Peru is located in the tropics, but due to complex geographical conditions, the climate is also relatively diverse. Peru has 28 different climates, according to the place, the western coastal area belongs to the desert grassland climate, the climate is mild, the rainfall is low.

The central Andes is located in the plateau and has a tropical mountain climate. It is rainy in summer, and the temperature and humidity will decrease with the increase of altitude. The eastern Amazon belongs to the tropical rain forest climate, high temperature and rainy. Coffee is mainly grown in areas near the Andes, and high elevations, volcanic soil and a changing climate make Peru a paradise for coffee cultivation.

Coffee producing area

Peru is mainly divided into three coffee producing areas in the north, central and south. 70% of the coffee varieties are iron pickup, 20% are Kaddura, and the rest are Katim and other varieties, planted at an altitude of 1000-1800 meters.

Northern producing areas: coffee cultivation in the north accounts for 43 per cent of Peru, including Amazonas in Amazon, Cajamarca in Cajamarca, Piura in Piura and San Martin in Saint Maarten, at an altitude of 1250-1950 meters. The coffee beans in this area have high acidity, rich flavor and moderate mellow.

Central producing areas: coffee cultivation in central Peru accounts for 34% of the country, including Huá nuco in Vanuco, Junin in Hunin, Pasco in Pasco and Ucayali in Ucayali, with an altitude of 8-1200 meters. Coffee beans from the central region have suitable acidity, mild and smooth taste.

Southern producing areas: the southern coffee planting area accounts for 23% of Peru, including Aprimark Apurimac, Ayakujo region Ayacucho, Cusco District Cusco, Madre de Dios District Madre de Dios, Puno District Puno, planting altitude of 9-2050 meters. The southern region is an extremely mellow coffee producing area with a unique taste and sweet taste.