Coffee review

Introduction of varieties grown in the coffee producing areas of the Philippines, an Asian coffee-producing country

Published: 2024-06-13 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/06/13, When it comes to Asian coffee, many people will think of Indonesia, Vietnam and other countries. After all, Indonesia has the well-known Mantelin coffee, and Vietnam is famous for being the second largest coffee producer in the world. Therefore, many people ignore the Philippines as a coffee producer. country. Philippines Republic of the Philippines (

When it comes to Asian coffee, many people will think of Indonesia, Vietnam and other countries. After all, Indonesia has the famous Mantenin coffee, while Vietnam is famous for being the second largest coffee producer in the world, so many people ignore the Philippines as a coffee producer.

Philippine Philippines

The Republic of the Philippines (Republic of the Philippines) is an island country located in southeastern Asia, consisting of more than 7000 islands, facing Taiwan Province of China in the north, the Sulawesi Sea and the Barabak Strait in the southwest, the South China Sea in the west and the Pacific Ocean in the east.

The Philippine flag is rectangular, with a white equilateral triangle on one side, a yellow sun radiating eight beams in the middle, and a yellow pentagram triangle on each of the three corners. On the right side of the flag is a right-angled trapezoid of red and blue, and the upper and lower positions of the two colors can be exchanged. Blue in peacetime, red in wartime. The sun and light patterns symbolize freedom; the eight longer beams represent the eight provinces that initially revolted for national liberation and independence, and the rest represent other provinces. The three five-pointed stars represent Luzon, Sama and Mindanao in the Philippines. Blue symbolizes loyalty, integrity, red symbolizes courage, and white symbolizes peace and purity.

The topography of the Philippines is mainly mountainous, accounting for more than 3x4 of the total area, with more than 200 volcanoes, of which 21 are active volcanoes. Except for a few islands with broad inland plains, most of the islands only have narrow plains scattered along the coast. The Mayon volcano in the southeast of Luzon is the largest active volcano, and the Apo volcano in the southeast of Mindanao is 2954 meters above sea level, the highest peak in the country.

Is a monsoon tropical rain forest climate, high temperature and rainy, high humidity, many typhoons. The average annual temperature is 27 ℃ and the annual precipitation is 2000,000mm. With volcanic soil, suitable climate and appropriate rainfall, Philippine agriculture is developed.

Coffee producing area

At present, most parts of the Philippines grow Robusta and Liberika coffee beans, while a few grow Arabica varieties. As the Philippines is made up of more than 7000 islands, it is mainly divided by some islands or land. The main producing areas are CordilleraAdministrative Region, Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Visayas and Mindanao. The harvest period is from October to March of the following year.

District of Cordillera (CordilleraAdministrative Region): located in the northern part of the island of Luzon (Luzon), this producing area is the only inland producing area and the highest in the Philippines, at an altitude of 1000-1800 meters. So Robusta will be planted here at low altitudes, while Arabica varieties such as bourbon, iron pickup, Kaddura and New World will be planted at high altitudes.

Karabadu (Calabarzon): the producing area is located southeast of the capital Manila, mostly at lower elevations, growing at 300-500m above sea level, mainly growing Robusta and Liberika varieties.

Minma Roba (Mimaropa): this area is composed of small islands in the southwest. Although the producing area has high mountains, coffee beans are grown in low elevations between 300m and 500m, mainly Robusta varieties.

Missouri Islands (Visayas): this area consists of many small islands, including Bohol Island, Negros islands Island, etc., with volcanic soil is very suitable for growing coffee, but not enough altitude, only 500-1000 meters, so mainly grow Robusta and Katim varieties.

Mindanao (Mindanao): the southernmost coffee growing region and the largest producing area in the Philippines, where nearly 70% of the trees are planted at an altitude of between 700 and 1200 meters, mainly planting Robusta varieties and Arabica varieties such as iron pickup and Katim.

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