Coffee review

Peruvian coffee production increased by 7%! Coffee and other agricultural products are expected to increase exports to China

Published: 2024-06-13 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/06/13, Recently, the U.S. Department of Agriculture released the status of the coffee industry in Peru, a South American country. According to the report, in the previous year, coffee production in Peru decreased due to the impact of the El Niño phenomenon. But at present, Peru has basically escaped the impact of El Niño and has an increasing trend in coffee production and exports. It is expected to be in 20.

Recently, the United States Department of Agriculture released the status of the coffee industry in Peru, a South American country. According to the report, last year, Peruvian coffee production decreased due to the influence of El Ni ñ o.

But at present, Peru has basically got rid of the influence of El Ni ñ o, and there is a growing trend in coffee production and exports, which is expected to increase by 7% and 6% respectively in the 2024 marketing year.

Coffee producers are challenging in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023. Due to the influence of El Ni ñ o, rising temperatures, lack of Rain Water, and the continued occurrence of coffee leaf rust, coffee growth is affected.

In the following quarters, slowly getting out of the control of El Ni ñ o, production returned to 3.95 million bags, down 6 per cent from previous estimates but up 9 per cent from the previous year.

As a result, coffee production is expected to reach 4.22 million bags (60 kg / bag) and exports are expected to reach 4.07 million bags in the 2024Compact 25 marketing year. All because the current international coffee prices remain high, encouraging farmers to invest more in coffee cultivation and fertilizers, helping to increase production and exports.

At present, the Peruvian national coffee harvest area is estimated to be 335000 hectares, the same as the previous year. In terms of harvest, the average yield is expected to be 756 kg per hectare, a slight increase over the previous year.

Although there is an upward trend in production, coffee production is still affected by the outbreak of coffee leaf rust in 2013. In addition, the infestation of coffee moths also affected nearly 40% of current coffee production in 2020. Mitigation measures such as phytosanitary treatment and better trees are needed.

On the export side, the coffee export volume of Peru 2024Coffee in the 25 marketing year will increase by 6.4% over the previous year with the increase of production, and is expected to reach 4.07 million bags (60 kg / bag). At present, the United States remains the largest market for Peruvian coffee, accounting for 28 per cent of total exports, followed by Germany and Belgium with 18 per cent and 9 per cent.

In 2019, Chinese companies invested US $1.3 billion to buy a 60% stake in Peru's Terminales Portuarios Chancay S.A., and the Peruvian State Port Authority (APN) granted Cosco the exclusive right to operate the port. However, when it was nearing completion, Peru unilaterally announced the revocation of the exclusive management rights of Chinese enterprises.

Recently, the Peruvian President signed an amendment to the National Port system Act on June 5, which stipulates that the Peruvian National Port Authority has the right to grant exclusive management rights to private enterprises, and Chinese enterprises can regain the exclusive right to operate the Peruvian port of Jianqiankai.

Moreover, the Peruvian Minister of Labor and Employment Promotion believes that it is very advantageous to maintain good relations with China, and that Chinese investment in the port of Chankai will create many jobs and help build Peru into a port hub in Latin America. It will also help increase trade between China and Peru.

In 2023, the import and export volume of bilateral goods between China and Belgium will reach 37.6912943 billion US dollars, including fruits, coffee and other agricultural products. In response, Peruvian coffee farmers believe that China's coffee consumption is growing, and the increase in trade between China and Peru will help to increase Peruvian coffee exports to China.