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Introduction of Jamaican Coffee Development, Blue Mountain Coffee and Jamaica Blue Mountain No.1 Coffee

Published: 2024-02-21 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/02/21, Yamai plus an island country in the Caribbean is the third largest island in the Caribbean. The coastal areas of Jamaica are plains, with hills and limestone plateaus in the central and west, mountains in the east, and the Blue Mountains in the east. Jamaica has a tropical rainforest climate, with rainy seasons from May to June and from September to November each year.

Yamai plus an island country in the Caribbean is the third largest island in the Caribbean. The coastal areas of Jamaica are plains, with hills and limestone plateaus in the central and west, mountains in the east, and the Blue Mountains in the east. Jamaica has a tropical rainforest climate, with a rainy season from May to June and September to November each year, with an annual average temperature of 27 ℃. The climate and environment of the Blue Mountains, which are 1000-1700 meters above sea level, volcanic soil, rainy and foggy all the year round, make the coffee produced in the Blue Mountains of Jamaica famous in the world and create one of the most expensive coffee in the world.

History of Jamaican Coffee

In 1728, during the British colonial period, Sir Nicholas Lawes received a gift from the Governor of Martinique (now France), a coffee sapling, so the history of coffee on the island began. Coffee was originally grown in St. Andrews in southeastern Jamaica, but the production was very limited. By the late 18th century, coffee cultivation also spread from St. Anru to the Blue Mountains. In 1800, there were 686 coffee plantations on the island.

But in 1838, the abolition of slavery was really implemented, so there was a shortage of manpower on the plantation. Coupled with mismanagement and the loss of British preferential terms of trade with the colonies, the coffee industry began to decline, leaving only 180 coffee plantations by the 19th century. But the quality of cultivation was poor at that time, so in 1891 the government passed a decree to teach producers the knowledge of coffee cultivation and improve the infrastructure in order to improve the quality. After that, the Central Coffee Coffee Clearing House was established in 1944, and all exported coffee must be approved by the institution. In addition, the Jamaica Coffee Industry Association was established in 1950, but merged with other Jamaican commercial organizations in 2018 to form the Jamaica Agricultural Commodities Authority, referred to as JACRA. When it was founded, it also promulgated the Coffee Industry Supervision Act to delineate the "Blue Mountain Coffee growing area", so now every barrel of Blue Mountain coffee beans must be regulated through JACRA.

The definition of Blue Mountain Coffee

According to the Coffee Industry Supervision Law, the Blue Mountain planting area is distributed in four areas: St.Andrew, St.Thomas, Portland and St.Mary. Only the coffee varieties grown in this area with an altitude of 915m-1700 m can be named Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee (Jamaica Blue Mountain). Iron pickup has been introduced into Blue Mountain since the 18th century, and it is one of the oldest varieties of coffee, but it is no longer widely planted because of its weak physique and poor disease resistance. However, the iron pickup in the Blue Mountains can well adapt to the local climate and soil, and evolve a better disease resistance, these characteristics can not be separated from the Jamaican country to adhere to and carefully plant iron card varieties.

And Blue Mountain Coffee is the only coffee in the world that is exported in wooden barrels. One of the Jamaican Blue Mountains (No. 1, No. 2, No. 3, PB) and the Jamaican Alpine (Alpine Top, Alpine PB) can only be used, with specifications of 70 kg, 30 kg and 15 kg. Among them, the most advanced Lanshan No. 1 coffee must meet the specification of more than 17 mothers, the proportion of defective beans can not exceed 2%, and the moisture content is about 10-12.5%. Other grades of Jamaican coffee are exported in 60 kg gunny bags.

Front Street Coffee Clifton Manor Blue Mountain one Coffee Bean

Producing area: Lanshan producing area

Manor: Clifton Manor

Altitude: 1310 m

Variety: blue Mountain Iron pickup Typica

Treatment: washing treatment

Flavor: slightly citrus acid, nutty and chocolate flavors, silky and well balanced

The front street is the Blue Mountain No. 1 coffee produced by Clifton Farm, which is still the oldest coffee producer in Jamaica. Carrifton Farm began to grow and produce coffee as early as the mid-18th century. And the selected Blue Mountain Coffee uses water washing treatment, which can make Lanshan No. 1 coffee with clearer flavor, higher cleanliness and stable quality. The front street will be roasted moderately on the deep side, so that Blue Mountain No. 1 coffee can show a mellow feeling and retain soft acidity. A KONO filter cup will be used in the front street and brewed at 1:15 proportion, you can smell the light fragrance of the flowers, the entrance will feel a slight citrus acid, with nutty and cocoa flavors, the taste is silky and well balanced.

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