Coffee review

Indonesia| Introduction to the Sumatra Region

Published: 2024-05-20 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/05/20, Indonesia Indonesia In Southeast Asia, there is a country with the reputation of "land of ten thousand islands", that is Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia), or Indonesia for short. The country is the world's largest archipelago country, consisting of 8 islands,

Indonesia Indonesia

In Southeast Asia, there is a country with the reputation of "the land of thousands of islands", that is Republic of Indonesia, referred to as Indonesia. The country is the largest archipelago country in the world, consisting of 17508 islands, the largest of which are Kalimantan, Sumatra, Sulawesi and Java. Indonesia joins Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Malaysia. Its territory spans Asia and Oceania. It covers an area of 1913578.68 square kilometers and has a large population. It is the fourth most populous country in the world, with hundreds of ethnic groups.

The word Indonesia comes from the Greek word Indus and island (n è sos), while the Indonesian flag is a flag made up of red and white bands, also known as "glory red and white", red symbolizes bravery and justice, as well as the country's prosperity after independence, while white symbolizes freedom, justice and purity, and expresses the Indonesian people's desire to oppose aggression and love peace at sea.

Indonesia is the largest economy in ASEAN, and agriculture, industry and services are the main economic sources. as a large agricultural country and the fourth largest country in coffee, the main cash crops are palm oil, rubber, cocoa and coffee. Agriculture is so developed because Indonesia has a tropical rain forest climate across the equator, with a mild and humid climate throughout the year, with an average temperature of 25 ℃-27 ℃ degrees, which is divided into dry and wet seasons due to monsoons. It is rich in natural resources, has many rivers, has a forest coverage of 67.8%, and is a country with many volcanoes and earthquakes, but volcanic ash can make the soil rich in minerals and is conducive to agricultural cultivation such as coffee.

Coffee producing area

At present, coffee trees are planted in many islands in Indonesia, and coffee producing areas are also divided into islands, such as Sulawesi, Bali, Java and Sumatra.

Sulawesi: coffee entered Sulawesi in 1750 and now has seven large estates that produce 5 per cent of the island's coffee, with most of the rest still produced by small farmers. Most of the Arabica on the island are in the higher elevations of Tana Toraja and the southern city of Kalosi. At 1100-1800 meters above sea level, S795, iron pickup, Ateng and Robusta are mainly planted, and the harvest period is from May to November.

Bali (Bail): the coffee industry in Bali was severely frustrated by the eruption of the Gunung Agung volcano in 1963, when the government began to encourage coffee cultivation in the 1970s and 1980s, when Arabica seedlings were given unsuccessfully, 80% of the island was later planted with Robusta, and tourism later became the most important source of income for the island. The island is planted at 1250-1700 meters above sea level, mainly Robusta and iron pickup, and the harvest period is from May to October.

Java: coffee was originally grown on the island of Java, which currently has four largest estates with a total area of 4000 hectares, most of which is grown in the eastern part of Java near the ljen volcano. At 900-1800 meters above sea level, iron pickup, Ateng and USDA are mainly planted, and the harvest period is from July to September.

Sumatra (Sumatra): coffee was only grown in Sumatra in 1888, and there are now three main producing areas on Sumatra: Aceh, Lindong near Lake dopa and mangkuraja in the south. Among them, the elevations of Aceh and mangkuraja are 1100-1300 meters above sea level, and those near Lake dopa are 1100-1600 meters above sea level. Lindong area is located in Lindong Huta District, southwest of dopa Lake. In the past, the common "Sumatra manning" sold coffee in the name. Mantenin was not a place name, but an ethnic group on the island. Iron pickup, Tim Tim and Ateng are mainly planted in Sumatra, and the harvest period is from September to December.

Coffee variety Ateng

Many people will think that the coffee variety Ateng is a new variety, but in fact it is only a Catimor variety. "Ateng" is just a local name in Indonesia. Just like Indonesia's TimTim, which is the local name of Timor Hybrid (Timorese Tim). Katim Catimor is a cross between the Timorese species Timor and Kaddura Caturra, resulting in the first F1 hybrid group, that is, Katim Catimor.

On the coffee plant, the tip of the tender leaves of the Katim species has a green top or bronze top, with many branches and short spacing. Coffee cherries are mainly red fruits, raw beans are long and thick, and the overall tree shape is shorter and can be planted densely. It has resistance to coffee leaf rust, but it is vulnerable to nematodes and coffee berry disease, so it is suitable to be planted in low and middle altitude areas with high yield.

Lindong Mantenin coffee producing area: Sumatra: 1100-1600 meters above sea level: Ateng treatment: wet planing flavor: dark chocolate herbal caramel back to sweet

This entry of Qianjie coffee is selected by Lin Dong Mantning, which is treated with wet planing and baked in depth. KONO filter cup will be used in Qianjie, the proportion will be 1:15, 92 ℃ water temperature will be brewed, the entrance will have herbal, dark chocolate flavor, caramel mellow taste, high sweetness.