Coffee review

Tanzania| Introduction to coffee beans in Kilimanjaro region

Published: 2024-05-20 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/05/20, Tanzania has many well-known coffee producing countries in Africa, such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania, among which Tanzania is one of the top three coffee giants in Africa. Tanzania (The United Republic of T

Tanzania Tanzania

In the African region, there are many well-known coffee producing countries, such as Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania, among which Tanzania is one of the three giants of African coffee. Tanzania (The United Republic of Tanzania) is located in eastern Africa, south of the equator, composed of Tanganyika (mainland) and Zanzibar (island), is a land and sea country. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, bordering eight countries, including Kenya, Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda, with a land area of 945000 square kilometers.

Tanzania is one of the birthplaces of ancient mankind, but it is also one of the least developed countries in the world. Its economy is mainly agriculture, and it is rich in mineral and tourism resources. The topography of the country is high in the northwest and low in the southeast, the eastern coast is a lowland, and the western plateau accounts for half of the total area of the country. The East African Rift Valley runs from east to south from Lake Malawi, with Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa.

The eastern coast and inland lowlands of Tanzania have a savanna climate, while the western inland plateau has a tropical mountain climate, with an annual average temperature of 21 ℃-26 ℃. Although the country has less rainfall, with less than 1000 millimeters in 80 per cent of the region, Tanzania has many rivers and lakes and is rich in hydropower resources.

The face of the Tanzanian flag is made up of green, blue, black and yellow. The upper left and lower right corners are two equal right triangles of green and blue. The wide black stripes with yellow edges run diagonally from the lower left corner to the upper right corner. Green represents land and symbolizes belief in Islam, while blue symbolizes rivers, lakes and seas, black represents black Africa, and yellow symbolizes rich mineral resources and wealth.

Coffee producing area

90 per cent of Tanzania's coffee comes from 450000 small farmers and the other 10 per cent from larger estates. At present, nine production areas are divided, and the relatively well-known ones are Kilimanjaro (Kilimanjaro), Arusha (Arusha), Ruvuma (Rovuma), Mbeya (Mbeya), Tarime (Tarim) and Kighoma (Kigoma).

Kilimanjaro (Kilimanjaro): Mount Kilimanjaro, located in northeastern Tanzania, is the highest mountain on the African continent, with an elevation of 5895 meters and perennial snow. It is mainly composed of three extinct volcanoes, Kibo, Mavenz and Sheila. Coffee is grown in areas 1050-2500 meters above sea level. High enough altitude, volcanic soil, and pure snow-melting water are the most suitable areas for growing coffee. The harvest time of coffee in Kilimanjaro is from July to December every year, and the main varieties are bourbon, iron pickup and Kent.

Arusha (Arusha): Arusha is adjacent to the producing area of Mount Kilimanjaro, so there are many similarities between the two areas, which also have volcanic soil, but the area is only 1100-1800 meters above sea level and the harvest time is from July to December each year.

Rovuma (Ruvuma): this area is located in the southernmost part of Tanzania and is named after the Rovuma River and is considered to be able to produce high-quality potential production areas. In the past, it was difficult to develop because of lack of funds. The altitude is 1200-1800 meters, and the harvest period is from June to October.

Mbeya: located around the city of mbeya in Mbeya in southern Tanzania, it is an important producing area for growing coffee, tea, cocoa and spices. it is at an altitude of 1200-2000 meters, and the harvest time is from June to October.

Tarime: located in the northernmost part of Tanzania, near the Kenyan border. But international fame is limited, and Arabica and Robusta varieties are grown in the region. The altitude is 1500-1800 meters, and the harvest time is from July to December.

Kighoma (Kigoma): the region, named after the regional capital city of Kigoma, is located in the north-west of the country, near Burundi, where the coffee industry is just beginning. The altitude is 1100-1700 meters, and the harvest period is from July to December.

Iron pickup Typica

Both Typica and Bourbon are among the oldest coffee varieties in existence and originated in southwestern Ethiopia. On the other hand, on the Tieka coffee plant, the leaves are ridged and pointed at the end, the leaves are green and bronze, the distance between the fruit nodes is long, the fruit is mainly red, the coffee bean shape is long, and the whole plant is taller. It is more suitable for planting in high altitude areas, and the quality of planting at high altitude is better, but the yield is low, and it is very easy to suffer from leaf rust, nematode and berry disease. Most coffee plantations in South and Central America grow iron pickups, but they are gradually replaced because of their low production and susceptibility to disease, but they are still grown in Peru, Tanzania, Jamaica and other countries.

Qianjie Coffee Tanzania Kilimanjaro Coffee Bean production area: Kilimanjaro production area altitude: 1300-2000 m Variety: iron truck treatment: washing flavor: citrus honey berry nut tea feeling

The beans from the Kilimanjaro producing area of Qianjie Coffee are washed and moderately roasted. Qianjie will use the proportion of V60 Jade 15, 92 ℃ water temperature for cooking, the entrance will have a soft acidity, with citrus, berry, honey and nut flavor, soft tea taste, overall balance.