Coffee review

Vietnam| Coffee producing area planting environment Introduction of coffee varieties

Published: 2024-05-20 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/05/20, Vietnam In Asia, there are many coffee-producing countries, such as Laos, Indonesia, East Timor, China and Vietnam. Among them, Vietnam is the world's second largest coffee-producing country and is famous for producing Robusta. Vietnam is fully known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Vietnam Vietnam

In Asia, there are many coffee producing countries, such as Laos, Indonesia, East Timor, China and Vietnam, among which Vietnam is the second largest coffee producer in the world and is famous for producing Robusta.

Vietnam, whose full name is the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Socialist Republic of Vietnam), is a socialist country in Asia, located at the southeast end of the Great Indo-China Peninsula in Southeast Asia, with a narrow, S-shaped topography. The country is bordered by Guangxi and Yunnan in the north and Laos and Cambodia in the west, with a land area of about 330000 square kilometers.

The Vietnamese national flag is rectangular and red, symbolizing the national uprising of the Vietnamese people, while the center of the flag is a five-pointed gold star, which symbolizes the leadership of the Communist Party of Vietnam over the country. In addition, the five corners of the five stars represent workers, farmers, soldiers, intellectuals and youth.

Vietnam is a country with both sea and land, the southeast of the country is bordered by the South China Sea, while Vietnam is high in the northwest and low in the southeast. It is composed of mountains and plateaus, including the Red Sea Delta and the Mekong Delta, and is a major agricultural producing area. the north and northwest are high mountains and plateaus, and the central Changshan mountains run through the north and south.

Vietnam is located in the south of the Tropic of Cancer and belongs to the tropical monsoon climate zone. The northern part of the country has four distinct seasons, and the average temperature in most areas is 23 ℃-25 ℃. In the south, October to April is the dry season, May to September is the rainy season, the average annual temperature in most areas is 26 ℃-27 ℃, the air is humid, the rainfall is sufficient, and the national average annual rainfall is 1500-2000 mm. Vietnam's geographical location and natural conditions are very conducive to agricultural activities, rich in rice, coffee, tropical crops and aquatic products.

Coffee producing area

At present, most of Vietnam produces Robusta, and only a few areas grow Arabica. It is mainly divided into three main producing areas: the central highlands, southern Vietnam and northern Vietnam.

Central highlands: the central highlands are made up of a series of highlands, including the provinces of Dole, Lintong, Jialai and Kunsong. The region mainly grows Robusta, as well as some Arabica, growing about 70% of the country's Robusta. It is planted at 600-1000 meters above sea level and harvested from November to March of the following year.

Southern Vietnam: planted in the area around Tonai province in the northeast of Ho Chi Minh City, and mainly in the Robusta TR series. It has attracted many big coffee factories, such as Nestl é, which has set up a factory here. The elevation here is 200-800 meters, and the harvest period is from November to March of the following year.

Northern Vietnam: Arabica is mainly grown in mountain orchards, Qinghua and Guangzhi in northern Vietnam, near Hanoi. This area has a high altitude to allow Arabica to grow, at an altitude of 800-1600 meters, which is also harvested from November to March of the following year, mainly growing bourbon, Katim and Robusta TR series. Arabica accounts for only about 2% of Vietnam's total coffee production. 3%.

Coffee grading

The classification of Vietnamese coffee is relatively simple, according to the number of defects contained in 300g raw coffee beans.