Coffee review

Introduction of varieties grown in Uganda coffee producing areas in African countries

Published: 2024-05-20 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/05/20, African coffee has a very high reputation in the global coffee market because Africa has many coffee-producing countries, and the African country Ethiopia is recognized as the birthplace. There are also many coffee-producing countries that cannot be underestimated, such as the growing Uganda. Uganda (The Repub)

African coffee is well known in the global coffee market, because there are many coffee producing countries in Africa, and the African country Ethiopia is recognized as the birthplace. There are also many coffee-producing countries to be reckoned with, such as growing Uganda.

Uganda Uganda

The Republic of Uganda (The Republic of Uganda) is located in eastern Africa, across the equator, bordering Kenya in the east, Tanzania in the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) in the west and South Sudan in the north, covering an area of 241550 square kilometers.

The Ugandan national flag is rectangular and consists of six parallel and equal wide stripes of black, yellow and red from top to bottom. There is a white circle in the center of the flag, with a Ugandan national bird, the crown crane, painted in the middle. Among them, black represents the Ugandan people, symbolizes the black, yellow symbolizes sunshine, red symbolizes freedom, and the tricolor combination means that the Ugandan people gain independence and freedom under the sun.

Most of Uganda is located in the East African Plateau, with more lakes, with an average elevation of 1000-1200 meters, known as the "plateau water village". The western branch of the East African Rift Valley runs through the western border, with the Ruwenzori Mountains in the southwest, of which Margarita is the third highest peak in Africa at 5109 meters above sea level, and there are famous volcanoes.

Uganda has a savanna climate, with an annual average temperature of 22.3 ℃. The annual rainfall in most areas is between 1000 and 1500 mm. The rainy season is from March to May, September to November, and the rest is the dry season. Distinct seasons, rich water resources, high elevations and volcanic soil make Uganda very suitable for agriculture such as coffee.

Coffee producing area

In recent years, with the vigorous development of coffee production, Uganda has also begun to grow Arabica coffee beans, and the local government has also passed a new law to regulate coffee growth. to help Ugandan coffee improve the quality of its main export beans.

The coffee producing areas in Uganda are roughly divided into three regions: Bugisu, West Nile (West Nile) and Renzori Mountain (Rwenzori Mountains), mostly from producers' unions or cooperatives. Wugar (washing Arabica) and Drugar (tanning Arabica) are unique to Uganda. Uganda is mainly divided into two production seasons.

Bugisu: this is the Elgon Mountains region to the east of the country near the Kenyan border. This area has good soil, altitude and microclimate. At 1500-2300 meters above sea level, the main harvest season is from October to March of the following year, and the secondary season is from May to July. Arabica varieties such as kent, iron pickup, SL14 and SL28 are mainly planted.

West Nile (West Nile): the West Nile region, located in northwestern Uganda, grows more Arabica varieties, Arabica near Lake Albert (Lake Albert) and Robusta to the north. At 1450-1800 meters above sea level, the main production season is from October to January of the following year, and the secondary season is from April to June. The planting varieties are Kent, Tieka, SL14, SL28 and the original species Robsta.

Mount Renzori (Rwenzori Mountains): located in the Renzori Mountains in western Uganda near the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) border, Drugar (sunny Arabica) is a common treatment in this area. 1200-2200 meters above sea level, April to July is the main production season, October to January of the following year is the secondary season. Mainly grow Kent, iron pickup, SL14, SL28 and native species Robusta.