Coffee review

Introduction of coffee varieties in Malawi coffee producing area in African countries

Published: 2024-06-13 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/06/13, African coffee has a very high reputation in the global coffee market because Africa has many coffee-producing countries, and the African country Ethiopia is recognized as the birthplace. There are also many coffee-producing countries that cannot be underestimated, such as Malawi. Malawi Malawi Republic of Malawi

African coffee is well known in the global coffee market, because there are many coffee producing countries in Africa, and the African country Ethiopia is recognized as the birthplace. There are also many coffee producing countries to be reckoned with, such as Malawi.

Malawi Malawi

The Republic of Malawi (Republic of Malawi), located in southeastern Africa, is a landlocked country surrounded by Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia. Malawi gets its name from Lake Malawi, the third largest lake in Africa, with a land area of 118000 square kilometers.

The Malawian flag is rectangular and consists of three parallel horizontal rectangles of black, red and green from top to bottom. In the middle of the black bar above the flag is a rising sun, emitting 31 rays of light. Among them, black symbolizes black, red symbolizes the blood of martyrs fighting for freedom and independence, green represents the beautiful land and green scenery of the country, and the sun pattern symbolizes the hope of African people fighting for freedom.

Malawi has diversified topographical features. The whole territory is divided into four natural geographical areas: the Great Rift Valley, the central plateau, the highlands and isolated mountains. The East African Rift Valley runs through the whole territory, and there are many plateaus in the territory, with an average elevation of 1500-2400 meters in the western plateau and 1000 meters in the eastern highlands. The northern region is mountainous, the central part is mainly the plateau, and the southern region is mostly lowland except the Songba Plateau.

Malawi has a savanna climate, with an annual average temperature of about 20 ℃. It is cool and dry from May to August and the coldest in July. The average temperature in the plateau is 20-24 ℃, and that in the rift valley is 27-30 ℃. The rainy season is from November to April, and rainfall accounts for 90% of the total rainfall of the year. Malawi has many rivers, lakes and volcanoes, and the soil and growth conditions are very suitable for coffee cultivation.

Coffee producing area

There are two kinds of coffee growers in Malawi, one is large-scale coffee farms popular in the south, and the other is self-employed coffee farmers mainly in the north. The best-known producing areas are the Mishuku Hills (misuku hills) and the Nkata Bay Highlands (nkhata bay highlands), which currently grow varieties such as Agaro, Geisha, Bourbon, Catimor and so on.

Mishuku Hills (misuku hills): the area is 1700-2000 meters above sea level, near the Songwei River (Songweriver), with stable rainfall and temperature. The coffee beans produced here will have the flavor of citrus, black plum and stone fruit.

Nkata Bay Heights (nkhata bay highlands): the Nkatat Bay Highlands, which extends from southeast to southwest of mzuzu, is 2000 meters above sea level, with a hot and rainy climate, and some coffee tastes similar to those in Ethiopia. Some of the coffee here will have floral, blackcurrant and creamy flavors.

Small farmers form six cooperatives in different parts of Malawi:

Together, these cooperatives form the Muzuzu Coffee grower Cooperatives Union (Mzuzu Coffee Planters Cooperative Union), which produces about 350 tons of coffee per year. Farmers can export their own coffee or sell it through the Muzuzu Cooperative Alliance.