Coffee review

What is the water temperature used to brew deeply roasted coffee beans? Do I need to use hot water at 92°C when making lightly baked beans by hand?

Published: 2024-07-21 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/07/21, I believe that all of you have encountered this situation more or less when rushing: although the parameters are normal and there are no problems with the water quality, technique, and time, the brewed coffee is not sufficiently extracted. Qian Jie mentioned such a sentence in yesterday's article, if all extraction parameters tend to be normal

I believe that when you flush your hands, you will more or less encounter such a situation: although all the parameters are normal, there is no problem with the water quality, method and time, but the coffee is not extracted enough.

Qianjie mentioned such a sentence in yesterday's article that if the extraction is still insufficient when all the extraction parameters tend to be normal, then the problem is likely to be in the water temperature used in the extraction! Coffee beans with different roasting degrees have different requirements for water temperature because of their own structure, so we will divide them into different ranges of water temperature. It is important to know that even if you use the corresponding water temperature, if you ignore some details during cooking, it may lower the temperature of the water and make a difference in the extraction. Therefore, it is not only the temperature shown on the thermometer, but also the details of cooking, which also need to be paid attention to.

Having said that, a suitable starting water temperature is still very important! So let's first see what kind of water temperature is suitable for coffee beans with different roasting degrees.

What kind of water temperature is suitable for coffee beans with different roasting degrees? The temperature of the water determines the dissolution efficiency that this "solvent" can hold. The higher the water temperature, the higher the dissolution efficiency, and vice versa. The roasting degree of coffee beans determines the density of coffee beans. when the roasting degree of coffee beans is lighter, the relative density is higher, and the higher the density is, the higher the extraction efficiency is if hot water wants to dissolve the flavor substances in coffee. Therefore, we can know that the lighter the roasting degree of the coffee bean is, the higher the extraction water temperature is. When the roasting degree of coffee beans is deeper, the expansion rate of coffee beans is higher, and the density is naturally lower. With low density, it is often said that the structure is loose, and hot water can dissolve coffee flavor substances more easily, therefore, we do not need to use too high water temperature for extraction!

Generally speaking, Qianjie will determine its grinding, water temperature, and suitable filter cup according to the degree of bean baking. In the face of high-density, light-roasted coffee beans, Qianjie will use a water temperature of about 91 ~ 93 °C for extraction, while if the extraction object is a deep-roasted coffee bean, it will be extracted at a water temperature of about 86 ~ 89 °C. The specific water temperature will be determined according to the state of the beans and the thickness of the grinding. When the beans are fresher or coarser when they are ground, we use a relatively higher temperature for extraction because they require higher dissolution efficiency to extract flavor substances, while the finer the grinding, the less fresh the state needs to be reversed.

After talking about the appropriate water temperature for each baking degree, let's talk about how to exert the "maximum power" of these hot water!

How to exert the "maximum power" of hot water? I don't know if my friends have any impression, but in the cold winter, Qianjie shared an article about raising the water temperature. In fact, the content is very simple! That is, when hot water is poured out of the pot, it will come into contact with a large amount of fresh air, which will absorb part of the temperature of the hot water, so that the hot water that should have been 92 °C is no longer 92 °C. The famous pine house cooking takes advantage of this principle to reduce the boiling hot water to the ideal temperature.

And this phenomenon will be more obvious in winter! So we can know that the height of water injection will affect the temperature of the water. When the height is higher, the loss of hot water temperature will be more, and the extraction efficiency will decrease. Therefore, Qianjie suggests that when carrying out routine cooking, the water injection height should be controlled at a distance of about one punch from the powder bed. In addition to the height of water injection, the spout that has not been preheated will also absorb the temperature of hot water!

In order to better allow players to control the flow of water, most hand pots will choose a slender swan neck for diversion! In the same way as filter cups, without preheating, they will take the lead to absorb part of the temperature of the hot water to "heat themselves", which will also make the hot water lose its temperature.

So often, in the absence of preheating, the hot water used in steaming is not the target temperature we set! This will lead to coffee powder can not fully release carbon dioxide in the steaming stage, then the subsequent injection of hot water is not so good extraction conditions! Although the impact is minimal (yes, but not much), it is often so bad that the whole cup of coffee experience becomes less enjoyable! So Qianjie suggests that you can pour out a small amount of hot water to preheat before cooking! It just so happens that the filter paper needs to be affixed to the filter cup, so this small amount of hot water can just be used on the wet filter paper! Not only successfully preheated the spout filter cup, but also made the filter paper stick to the filter cup, it can be said that it has the best of both worlds.

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