Coffee review

Why does the extracted espresso have grounds? What went wrong with espresso making?

Published: 2024-07-14 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/07/14, Recently, the temperature has plummeted, and customers who come to the store for coffee have chosen to drink hot ones. A guest, after tasting his hot American, recalled encountering tiny particles at the bottom of his cup and asked the street,"Are those coffee grounds at the bottom? How come I never see ice when I drink ice?

Recently, with the sudden drop in temperature, customers who come to the store for coffee have chosen to drink hot ones. After tasting the hot American style, a guest recalled that after drinking the hot American style, there were some small particles at the bottom of the cup, so he asked the street, "are those coffee grounds left at the bottom of the cup?" why have I never seen it when I drink ice? "

(the photo is for reference only for association.)

In this regard, today Qianjie will talk to you about why there is powder at the bottom of the espresso cup, and what can be done to reduce the occurrence of this situation.

Is it normal to have coffee grounds at the bottom of the cup?

These black powder particles precipitated at the bottom of the cup are actually very fine powders that fall into the cup along with hot water during extraction and concentration. It's the same reason that soybean dregs are precipitated in soybean milk and pulp is found in Fresh Juice.

In general, the existence of trace amounts of ultra-fine powder particles in the concentrate is a normal phenomenon. If you don't taste espresso directly, you won't even feel it; it's even harder to find after adding a certain percentage of water or milk to make other espresso drinks, so a very small amount of very fine powder won't affect the taste of the coffee.

But when you observe with the naked eye that there are obvious black particles mixed in the coffee, it means that there is an "unusual" amount of powder, which is most likely due to a problem at some point in the extraction.

Where do these fine powders come from?

You know, Italian coffee powder needs to be ground to the touch of fine sand, with a particle size range of about 200 microns and 300 microns. The fine powder we often talk about is produced by the rupture of coffee beans when they are cut and extruded, which is smaller than the target particle size we need, and because of the existence of static electricity, it will be adsorbed on the coffee powder, so this kind of fine powder can not be completely avoided in the step of grinding. Just like when we break a coffee bean, it will scatter a little powder more or less. In some commercial grade bean grinders, the particle size is more uniform, which can reduce the trouble of fine powder to a certain extent.

The powder bowl used in Italian extraction is a mesh composed of fine holes as a filter. if the powder bowl is raised toward the light source, the light passing through the mesh is the size of the aperture. When we put the coffee powder into the powder bowl buckle and the brewing handle begins to extract, the fine powder particles smaller than the fine hole will fall into the coffee under the washing of high-pressure hot water. These fine powders brought out with the coffee liquid usually do not sink to the bottom of the cup immediately, but usually settle at the bottom of the cup after standing for a few minutes.

Back to the question of the guest, Qianjie used a short white coffee cup when producing the hot American style, and of course you will see some fine powder deposited at the bottom of the cup from top to bottom, while iced American coffee uses a tall glass and provides straws, which are usually drunk from the bottom up, so it is not without fine coffee powder at the bottom of the cup when drinking iced American coffee.

Of course, in addition to grinding, some details that are not noticed before and after extraction can also lead to unusual coffee powder. For example, the cooking head buckle is not cleaned, but also residual powder residue and so on, it is possible to make unusual coffee grounds in the cup.

How can this be avoided?

1. First of all, check whether it is caused by technical problems. If so, you should pay attention to the habit of washing the head and handle at any time to avoid coffee contamination and ensure hygiene problems at the same time.

2. The powder bowl is affected by the extraction of high temperature and high pressure for a long time, which will lead to the pore diameter deformation of the powder bowl and let more fine powder pass through. However, this phenomenon is not common and usually occurs only after 1-2 years of intensive use. If you want to check the powder is also simple, just point the powder bowl at the light source and observe whether these holes become larger individually. If there is, it means that the powder bowl needs to be replaced.

3. After checking the above two steps, the extracted concentrate is still precipitated at the bottom of the cup with a large amount of very fine powder residue, it is suggested to replace a better Italian bean grinder, after all, a good bean grinder can reduce a lot of extraction troubles.

4. Of course, if you can't stand this kind of fine powder settling at the bottom of the cup, filter paper may be a good choice. Filter paper can effectively isolate solids and grease and other substances, put a round filter paper on the powder bowl and then pour the coffee powder to prevent the fine powder from falling into the coffee with the water.

Qianjie tried to verify this method of padding filter paper and found that it can effectively solve the problem that fine powder falls into coffee and precipitates at the bottom of the cup. However, compared with the extraction of unpadded filter paper, the extraction speed is obviously accelerated, and the concentrated flavor is also changed. Therefore, to adopt the extraction method of superimposed filter paper, it is necessary to re-adjust the extraction parameters (grinding, powder, etc.) to stabilize the extraction.


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