Coffee review

African coffee-producing country Zambia Geographical location Introduction of varieties grown in coffee producing area

Published: 2024-07-21 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/07/21, African coffee has a very high reputation in the global coffee market because Africa has many coffee-producing countries, and the African country Ethiopia is recognized as the birthplace. There are also many coffee-producing countries, such as Zambia. Zambia Zambia (The Republic of Zam

African coffee is well known in the global coffee market, because there are many coffee producing countries in Africa, and the African country Ethiopia is recognized as the birthplace. There are also many coffee producing countries, such as Zambia.

Zambia Zambia

The Republic of Zambia (The Republic of Zambia) is a landlocked country in south-central Africa, bordering nine countries, namely, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Angola, covering an area of 752614 square kilometers.

The Zambian national flag is rectangular, the flag is green, and the vertical square on the lower right is connected by three parallel equal vertical strips of red, black and orange, and above it is a kind of eagle spreading its wings. Green symbolizes the country's natural resources, red symbolizes the struggle for freedom, black represents Zambians, orange symbolizes the country's mineral deposits, and eagles spread their wings symbolize Zambia's independence and freedom.

Most of the area in Zambia is a plateau at an altitude of 1000-1500 meters above sea level, with a general slope from northeast to southwest, which is mainly divided into five regions, namely, the East African Rift Valley in the northeast, the Katanga plateau in the north, the Kalahari basin in the southwest, the Luangwa-Malawi plateau in the southeast and the Luangwa River basin in the central part.

Zambia has a savanna climate, which is mild and cool, with an annual average temperature of 18-20 ℃. The whole year is divided into three seasons, May-August is the dry and cool season, which is the harvest season for most crops, September-November is the dry and hot season, the average temperature is higher, while December to April is the warm and humid season, and the annual rainfall is concentrated in that season. the rainfall decreased from 1400 mm in the north to 700mm in the south. The land is fertile and the climate is mild, which is suitable for the growth of coffee and other crops.

Coffee producing area

Coffee is grown mostly in the provinces of Muchinga (Muchinga), the North (Northern), Luapa (Luapula), the Copper Belt (Copperbelt), Lusaka (Lusaka) and the Northwest (North-Western). Zambia is mainly grown on large estates, and all the coffee grown is Arabica coffee varieties, most of which are Katim Catimor and SL28 varieties, which are picked from October to March.

Northern province (Northern): located in the north of the country, connected to Tanzania. The province of Muchinga, which was originally part of the Northern Province and was newly established after the election of the fifth president in 2011, is located on the Katanga Plateau, with coffee growing between 1000 and 1500 meters, and has many rivers, making it ideal for coffee cultivation.

Lusaka province (Lusaka): located in southern Zambia and the capital of Zambia, connected to Zimbabwe, with an average elevation of about 1279 meters, Lusaka is an important industrial and commercial center and agricultural distribution center, with coffee growing at about 1200-1500 meters above sea level.

Copper Belt Province (Copperbelt): located in north-central Africa, mostly belonging to the eastern part of the Katanga Plateau in central Africa, basically more than 1000 above sea level, the province has copper-based polymetallic minerals, and by the Kafue River and its tributaries flow throughout the territory, planting between 1000-1500 meters above sea level.