Coffee review

History of honey treatment in Costa Rica, honey treatment process, introduction of strawberry sugar in Mirasu Estate

Published: 2024-05-25 Author:
Last Updated: 2024/05/25, At present, with the continuous development of the coffee industry, the coffee treatment method is emerging one after another. New methods include anaerobic treatment, double anaerobic solarization, enzymatic washing, barrel fermentation, etc. But the most common are three common traditional treatments. These three traditional coffee treatments are traditional sun treatments (

At present, with the continuous development of the coffee industry, the current coffee treatment methods emerge in endlessly. The relatively new treatment methods include anaerobic method, double anaerobic solarization method, enzyme washing method, wine barrel fermentation and so on. But the most common are three common traditional treatments.

The three traditional coffee treatments are traditional sun treatment (Natural Sun-dried Method), traditional water washing (Traditional Fully Washed), Hybrid Process between sun and water washing (Hybrid Process), including semi-washing (Semi Washed), honey treatment (Honey Process) and so on. But nowadays, the treatment methods have become more and more diverse, and some international buyers and raw bean chambers of commerce have more diverse requirements for quality, flavor and uniqueness. The fruits picked from the same coffee tree will have different flavors when they are made by different treatments, even if only minor steps or fine-tuning of fermentation time can lead to different flavors. Just like honey treatment, honey treatment is an intermediate treatment between sun exposure and water washing. According to the degree of honey treatment, honey treatment is divided into yellow honey treatment, red honey treatment, black honey treatment and white honey treatment, and the latest is raisin honey treatment.

Wash white honey, yellow honey, red honey, black honey in the sun

When it comes to honey treatment, Costa Rica has to be mentioned. Costa Rica is the birthplace of honey treatment. It can be said that the geographical environment of Costa Rica has created the method of honey treatment. Costa Rican coffee growing area beans are concentrated in the Taramanca Mountains, where 1200-1650 meters above sea level, although the precipitation is rich, but in the alpine areas, it is difficult to store water and it is difficult to support water-intensive washing treatment. But it is not like African countries to have a long time of light, and the sun treatment also has a greater risk. So go to learn from the Brazilian half-sun, half-sun is to peel off the pericarp, rinse with water for 1 hour, and then spread out for sun drying. A large number of Central American coffee-producing countries, such as Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala, saw that the treatment did not consume water and could shorten the duration of light, so they began to follow suit and improve it according to their own conditions, so these Central Americans called it honey treatment.

The improved honey treatment method is to peel off the peel and part of the pectin of coffee berries, so a peel removal machine is used to ensure high precision. Precise control of the thin thickness of pectin, then dripping non-stick directly on the high drying rack to dry. The subdivided black honey, red honey, yellow honey and white honey are different colors corresponding to the degree of pectin retention.

Retain 80% pectin, sun for 12 days, dried coffee beans with shells will appear reddish brown, so it is called red honey. The pectin layer remains 40-60% and is insolated for about 8 days. Because the pectin becomes thinner, the dried coffee beans with shells will be yellowish brown, so they are called yellow honey. White honey retains 40% of the pectin layer, and the drying time is short, so the color of shelled coffee is lighter. Black honey hardly removes pectin and lasts for more than 14 days, so shelled coffee beans tend to be black.

Now the updated honey treatment is raisin honey treatment, and strawberry candy from Milasu Manor in Costa Rica is treated with raisin honey on the front street. 100% pectin and zero water treatment are retained on raisin honey treatment, which increases the difficulty of honey treatment and requires strict control of time. After harvesting the coffee cherries, pour them into a large trough and screen the underdeveloped floating beans by buoyancy. After drying on the viaduct bed, remove the cherry peel, keep the pectin and dry, the drying process needs to be turned constantly to ensure uniform drying, slow drying to ensure that the coffee is fermented, and pay attention to the weather conditions during the period. Make sure that the moisture content of coffee beans is reduced to about 11%.

The strawberry candy of this Mirazhu manor is produced in Tarazhu. it is a mixture of 50% rose summer coffee beans and Ethiopian native species ET47 as well as SL28 and MAICO. It is boiled and tasted in the proportion of V60, 1 and 15, with strawberry and raisin flavor in the mouth, candy and nut flavor in the finish, and a creamy, honey-like taste.